Hinduism is inherently an ecological religion. Centuries before the appearance of the word ecology or the concept of environmental management, Hindu scriptures instructed us that the animals and plants found in the land of Bharatavarsha are sacred; that like humans, our fellow creatures, including plants have consciousness; and therefore all aspects of nature are to be revered. This understanding, care, and reverence towards the environment are common to all Indic religious and spiritual systems: Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Thus, there is ample evidence to show that the earliest messages about the importance of the environment and the need for ecological balance and harmony can be found in ancient Indic texts.
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